عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to examine the Shiite currents in Iraq and the developments in modern Iraq. The research method is descriptive-analytical and the results showed that the Shiite currents in Iraq are working hard for the future of state-building in Iraq; Because, the process of state-building in Iraq is formed under the influence of various social, political components, and the pattern of action of the elites; But it must also be acknowledged that the rise to power of the Islamist Shiites in Iraq was not something that pleased the United States, the West and the Arab countries bordering the Persian Gulf. Therefore, the United States was dissatisfied with the rise of Shiite Islamists and sought to prevent this by strengthening its secular Shiite allies. On the other hand, the issue of national identity, jihadists, regional and international countries' policy towards Iraq in cases such as the central government, Kurds, and Sunnis, the issue of fighting corruption, and political approaches of political parties and coalitions are among the factors that threaten the nation-building process. However, it must be acknowledged that this is the best opportunity for the Shiite currents in Iraq throughout its history, and if they take a united approach, they will be able to reduce the challenges ahead.