عنوان مقاله [English]
During the last one hundred years, Iranian society, in the transition from tradition to modernity, has been subjected to different ideas and currents. In the field of explaining the quality of religion and socio-political structures, three main currents emerged. First, religions. Two; A movement that had modernist tendencies, and finally the third current, which believed in the coexistence of the two aforementioned currents in society. In the present study, Shariati is included in the recent trend. He believed that there is no way to antiquity and retrospect in Islam, but Islam is a civilization-building and at the same time modern religion And can play an important and pivotal role in the lives of his followers today. According to the Islamic Renaissance, it is not just a return to the past, in other words, fundamentalism, but by reforming religion, that is, the correct understanding of religion by religious scholars, one can turn to an Islamic Protestantism, ie Islam, in which its rituals and customs serve social life. Muslims and established movement and dynamism in society. If we summarize Shariati's thoughts in the above-mentioned phrase, then his roots and intellectual background are questioned, which the present study is dedicated to, and it is based on the assumption that the quality of Shariati's stance in this regard is influenced by the content of the two Renaissance and Reformation movements. The earth has been.