عنوان مقاله [English]
The first generation intellectuals of the Qajar, as social reformers, criticized political tyranny and religious traditionalism, propagated their innovative ideas for reforming the power structure. Therefore, the present paper seeks to examine the views of Melkom Khan and Akhondzadeh from the descriptive-analytical method. The relation between the Qajar government and the people of the age and the extent to which it affects the relations of power and the attitudes of the society. The introduction of modern patterns in the traditional Iranian society has led to challenging the traditional order and creating the historical context of traditional practices. One of the main findings of the research is that Melkom Khan, with experience in living in Europe and contemplating Western modern advances as well as administrative experience in Qajar rule, has tried to better understand the causes of retardation by adapting modern values with tradition Iranian beliefs to spread their new ideas and to play an important role in promoting modern thoughts as the spiritual father of the constitutionalists. But Akhundzadeh, with an ideal view of his religious reform, with the negation of the attitudes of the society, was confronted with the perpetrators of traditional order, and the thoughts He was the source of influence in the next period among the monarchists. The method of data collection in this paper is based on library studies.