عنوان مقاله [English]
For a majority of political scholars, partisanship is associated with political stability and maturity, socio-political participation and democratic dynamism.
Partisanship is defined as a tendency toward political activity and participation within a group framework. That is, partisanship means individuals’ leaning toward organizing any sort of political activity through political parties. How this would happen is a key index of political development because parties are the most important component of modern democracies.
Marx Weber is arguably one of the most consequential scholars in the field of social sciences, whose political sociology has explicitly focused on hegemony and legitimacy. In its entirety, Weber believes, the social essence
is moving toward rationality. Rationalization, in turn, leads to the formation of rational authority. How rational authority and partisanship are related is a matter ongoing debate.
Weber opines that partisanship is the outcome of impersonalized rivalry to achieve power, a precondition of which is rational social actions by partisan activists. Other traditional and emotional patters fall short of providing a fertile ground for partisanship and partisan activities to grow. In other words. For true partisanship to form, goal-oriented and value-oriented rational actions must replace traditional and emotional counterparts, respectively.