عنوان مقاله [English]
Three movements of authoritarian (waterfall), democratic (fountain), and bilateral-mutual are major currents of power in political systems. The main research question is: which of the triplet currents of power flow in the political system based on Nahj ol-Balāghah? The method of study is descriptive-analytic and the results showed that the current of power in the political system based on Nahj ol-Balāghah represents a mutual relationship between citizens and government that are both responsible for definite and mutual responsibilities. The door to consultation is always open in the political system based on Nahj ol-Balāghah and ignoring the citizens and inattention to their consultative ideas are considered inappropriate. Election in the current era has facilitated the way of consultation while Bey'at (an oath of allegiance) was a way of consultation in the past to confirm or reject rulers. The issue of elites is an accepted issue but its regulations should be accurately determined so that the essential criteria be considered for this subject. The relationship between right and responsibility in Nahj ol-Balāghah is profoundly deep and many rights mentioned in Nahj ol-Balāghah in terms of politics, involve some responsibilities, too.