نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه مازندران
2 کارشناسی ارشد علوم سیاسی ، دانشگاه مازندران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the management of human societies what matters more than any other things, in the government's social doctrine is the fundamental concept of "justice". Here we express the ideas of two thinkers Rawls and Beheshti on the nature of justice. Based on their viewpoint each of them supposed to be discussed in several formats:
- Martyr Beheshti, is the moral founder of the Islamic society, so that "if at some point of time we have seen that moral justice must be sacrificed to achieve social justice or economic justice, there is no priority to economic and social justice and we should not sacrifice justice and morality.
Rawls has a different paradigm of thought,Using Kant's moral philosophy as a significant issue for the revival of the principles of liberalism and Nasrkanty like human freedom and moral agent, he used his starting point a critique of utilitarianism school.